1.2 Who is affected by Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL)?

This disease affects some of the poorest people on earth. It is associated with malnutrition, population displacement, poor housing, a weak immune system and lack of financial resources. The most cases are found on the Indian subcontinent and in East Africa, where an estimated 200, 000 – 400, 000 new cases occur each year. Some 90% of all new cases are reported from Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Left untreated, VL will kill a person within two years of the onset of the disease in more than 95% of all cases. Source: Neglected tropical diseases , WHO, 2017 ©