The United Republic of Tanzania is the largest country in the East African region with a population of 45 million people. It’s composed of two countries: the semi-autonomous island of Zanzibar and Tanganyika, or Tanzania Mainland. Tanzania Mainland is divided into 25 administrative regions that are subdivided into 167 district councils. Each district council is subdivided into divisions, wards, villages/streets. There’s approximatively one health facility per 8.000 people, according to SARA (2012).
Owing to a huge disparity between regions and districts in terms of geography, history, population, and infrastructure, some areas of Tanzania have no reliable roads, electricity, or access to the Internet.